AMENITIES FOR MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
After election to Parliament, the members become entitled to certain amenities. These amenities are provided to members with a view to enable them to function effectively as Members of Parliament.
Broadly speaking, the amenities provided to the members relate to salaries and allowances, travelling facilities, medical facilities, accommodation, telephones, etc. These are governed by the Salary, Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament Act, 1954 and the rules made thereunder.
Salary and Daily Allowance
With the commencement of Salary, Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament (Amendment) Act, 2001, the amount of salary has been increased from rupees four thousand to rupees twelve thousand per mensem for a period of five years w.e.f. 14 September 2001. Similarly, the amount of daily allowance has been increased from rupees four hundred to rupees five hundred for each day of residence on duty at a place where a session of a House of Parliament or a sitting of a Committee thereof is held. After the expiry of the period of five years, the above amount may be determined by the Government by introducing an amendment in the above provision.
Provided that no member shall be entitled to the aforesaid allowance unless he signs the register, maintained for this purpose by the Secretariat of the House of the People or, as the case may be, Council of States on all the days (except intervening holidays for which no such signing is required) of the session of the House for which the allowance is claimed.
A member is also entitled to daily allowance for a period of such residence, not exceeding three days immediately preceding or succeeding the session of the House and not exceeding two days preceding or succeeding the sitting of a Committee, or for the purpose of attending to any other business connected with his/her duties as a Member of Parliament.
A member is entitled to receive the constituency allowance at the rate of rupees ten thousand per mensem.
Office Expense Allowance
Every member is entitled to office expense allowance @ Rs. 14,000 per month out of which Rs. 3,000 is for meeting expenses on stationery items etc.; Rs. 1000 for franking the letters; and Rs. 10,000 is paid by the Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Secretariats direct to the person(s) as may be engaged by a member for obtaining secretarial assistance.
Travelling Allowance/Travel Facilities
A member is entitled to the following travelling allowances for the journey performed by him for attending a session of the House or a sitting of a Committee or for the purpose of attending to any other business connected with his/her duties as a member from his/her usual place of residence to the place where the above-mentioned business is transacted and for return journey from such place to his/her usual place of residence:
(a) If the journey is performed by rail, an amount equal to one first class fare plus one second class fare irrespective of the class in which the member actually travels.
(b) If the journey is performed by air, an amount equal to one and one-fourth of the air fare for each such journey.
(c) If the journey or any part thereof cannot be performed by rail or air—
(i) Where the journey or any part thereof is performed by steamer an amount equal to one and three-fifths of the fare (without diet) for the highest class in the steamer.
(ii) Where the journey or any part thereof is performed by road, a road mileage at the rate of rupees eight per kilometre.
Provided that where a member performs journey by road in Delhi from and to an aerodrome, he shall be paid a minimum amount of one hundred and twenty rupees for each such journey.
A member is entitled to receive road mileage for the journey performed by road between the places not connected with the superfast/express/mail train. However, the members belonging to north-eastern States are entitled to road mileage from the usual place of residence to the nearest airport even if the places connected by superfast/express/mail train. Similarly a member whose usual place of residence is within the radius of 300 kms. from Delhi is entitled to receive road mileage for the journey performed by road even if the place is connected with superfast/express/mail train.
For the purpose of claiming travelling allowance for attending a session of Parliament or a sitting of a Committee, members are required to travel only after the issue of Summons for attending a session or after the issue of notice of meeting for attending the meeting of a Committee. Besides, a member is also entitled to receive travelling and daily allowances in respect of a journey performed by him/ her in the course of a tour outside India, undertaken in the discharge of his/her duties as such member. If, during a session of the House or a sitting of a Committee thereof, a member absents himself/herself for less than 15 days for visiting any place in India, he/she is entitled to receive the following travelling allowance:
(a) If the journey is performed by rail, an amount equal to one first class fare of each such journey, irrespective of the class in which the member actually travels.
The travelling allowance admissible in respect of such journey is limited to the total amount of daily allowances which would have been admissible to such member for the days of absence if he/she had not so remained absent.
(b) If the journey being a journey during a sitting of a committee is performed by air, an amount equal to one fare by air for each such journey but not more than once for visiting any place in India.
When a House of Parliament is adjourned for a fixed period during Budget Session, a member is entitled to receive travelling allowance for every journey performed by air for visiting any place in India during interval not exceeding seven days between two sittings of a Departmentally Related Standing Committee. But the total amount of travelling allowance, excluding air fare, is restricted to the amount of daily allowance which would have been admissible to him for the days of absence if he had not remained absent.
Every member has been given the facility of 32 air journeys during a year to be availed of during session/inter-session period with the spouse or any number of companions or relatives. The spouse/companion of a member may travel alone by air eight time to meet the member out of the 32 air journeys available to a member in a year. The newly elected member may also avail of the journey before the publication of Notification by Election Commission. Any journey performed by the spouse, companions or relatives shall be added in computing the limit of 32 air journeys. Further, the balance of unused air journeys shall be carried over to the following year. A member who performs air journey out of 32 air journeys to his usual place of residence or any place situated within his constituency during session period would be entitled to claim to and fro TA by air upto the airport nearest thereto and also TA for rail/road journeys, if any, beyond the airport. A member performing a journey by air out of 32 air journeys to any place other than the usual place of residence or any place situated within his constituency during session period would be entitled to only to and fro TA by air only upto the farthest point travelled by the direct route and also TA for the road mileage at Delhi and at the city of the said farthest point travelled by air, from and to airport to city at both places. A member performing a journey by air out of 32 air journeys during inter-session period for visiting any place in India would be entitled to only to and fro TA by air only upto the farthest point travelled by the direct route and also TA for the road mileage at Delhi and the city of the said farthest point travelled by air, from and to airport to city at both places. Every member who has his ordinary place of residence in the Ladakh area of the State of Jammu & Kashmir is entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air for each single journey by air performed by him from any airport in Ladakh to the airport in Delhi and back at any time. In addition to the air travel provided to a member, he is also entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air for each single journey by air performed by the spouse, if any, of the member or one person to accompany such member from any airport in Ladakh area to the airport in Delhi and back at any time.
Rail Travel Facilities Every member is provided with—
(a) One free non-transferable first class air-conditioned or executive class of any train pass which entitled him to travel at any time by any railway in India;
(b) One free non-transferable air-conditioned two-tier railway pass for one person to accompany the member when he travels by rail; The spouse of every member is entitled to—
(a) One free non-transferable railway pass to travel in first class air conditioned or executive class in any train, and if travelled by air, an amount equal to the air fare, from the usual place of residence of a member to Delhi and back once during every session and twice in Budget Session but not exceeding 8 single journeys in a year. The spouse can travel from the usual place of residence of the member to Delhi at any time after the issue of Summons and can return back any day before the commencement of the next session.
(b) The spouse is also entitled to travel in first class air conditioned or executive class in all the trains with the Member from any place in India to any other place in India. A member having no spouse is entitled to accompany with any other person in lieu of spouse in any train in first class AC or executive class from any place in India to any other place in India in addition to the facility available to him in respect of one companion in AC-II tier. The spouse of the Member is allowed road mileage for the journey or part thereof performed by road if unaccompanied by the Member. Where during any part of a year the usual place of residence is inaccessible by rail, steamer or road, due to climatic conditions and where air service is available, a member is entitled to travel by air to and from his usual place of residence upto the nearest airport outside his constituency having rail service.
Every member representing the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Union Territory of Lakshadweep Islands is provided with one free non-transferable pass to travel in the highest class of Steamer (excluding diet charges) to and from any part of his constituency and any other part of his constituency or the nearest port in the mainland of India. Such pass is valid for the term of his/her office and on the expiration of the term, the pass is required to be surrendered to the Lok Sabha Secretariat.
Members representing these Islands can also use the pass before taking their seat in the House, to utilise the same for the purpose of attending a session of the House for taking his/her seat therein.
Where a member has not been provided with such a pass he/she will be entitled to receive an amount equal to one fare (without diet) for the highest class by steamer for any journey referred to above.
Every such member is entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air from his usual place of residence to the nearest airport in the mainland of India and back.
Companion or spouse of the member representing the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands or the Union Territory of Lakshadweep is entitled to travel by the highest class (without diet) by steamer between the Island and mainland of India on the authority of the steamer pass issued to the spouse or companion of the member accompanying the member.
Every member is entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air, for the spouse, if any, of the member, or for one person to accompany him/her from the usual place of residence in the Island to the nearest airport of the mainland of India and back.
In order to meet adequately the needs of members for residential accommodation a separate pool of residences for members has been established and allotment of residences to members from this pool is made by the Accommodation Sub-Committee of the House Committee, Lok Sabha. Arrangements for accommodation are made according to the criteria laid down by the House Committee.
Each member is entitled to a licence-fee free flat or hostel accommodation throughout his term of office. Where a member is allotted a housing accommodation in the form of a bungalow at his request, he shall pay full normal licence fee, if he is entitled to such accommodation.
Every member is entitled without payment of charges to the supply of water upto 4000 kl per annum and electricity upto 50,000 units (25,000 units measures on light meter and 25,000 units on power meter or pooled together) per annum beginning from 1st of January every year in respect of residence allotted to him in Delhi. The above facilities are extended to a member residing in a private accommodation in Delhi.
Other facilities enjoyed by members include washing of sofa covers and curtains every three months; furniture within the monetary ceiling of Rs. 24,000 in respect of durable furniture and Rs. 6,000 for non-durable furniture; and also 25 per cent remission in the rents on account of any improvement or addition made to it or any additional service provided thereto by way of furniture, electrical equipment and other services.
No charges shall be payable by a member in respect of the installation and rental of one telephone installed either at his residence or at his office in Delhi or New Delhi, and no member shall be liable to make any payment in respect of the first 50,000 local calls made from the telephone during any year. However, Chairmen of Parliamentary Committees are exempted from payment of any charges for local calls made from the telephone installed at their residences in Delhi/New Delhi.
In addition to above, no charges shall be payable by a member in respect of the installation and rental of one telephone installed either at his usual place of residence, or a place selected by him being a place— (i) situated within the State which he represents, or within the State in which he resides in the case of member of the Council of States other than a member nominated to that House; (ii) situated within the State in which his constituency is or within the State in which he resides in the case of a member of the House of the People, other than a member nominated to that House; and (iii) approved by the Chairman of the Council of States or the Speaker of the House of the People, as the case may be, in the case of nominated members.
No member shall be liable to make any payment in respect of the first 50,000 local calls made from that telephone during any year:
Provided that the place selected by the member or approved by the Chairman or the Speaker, as the case may be, shall be within the area of operation of an existing telephone exchange.
Every member is also entitled to one additional telephone either at his residence in Delhi/New Delhi or at his usual place of residence or at the place selected by him within the State in which his constituency is or in the State in which he resides and 50,000 free local calls during a year for Internet connectivity purposes.
The trunk call bills of the members may be adjusted within the monetary equivalent of the ceiling of one lakh fifty thousand local calls per annum as aforesaid.
In addition, 20,000 additional calls are also allowed to the members whose constituencies are 1000 km. away from Delhi.
Further, every member is entitled to one mobile phone of MTNL, New Delhi with the adjustment of calls from the existing 1,50,000 local calls available to them for 3 telephones.
Excess telephone calls made over and above the pooled total of one lakh fifty thousand free local calls per annum in respect of the three telephones installed under sub-rule (1), sub-rule (3) and sub-rule (5) of Rule 4 of the Housing and Telephone Facilities (Members of Parliament) Rules, 1956 are adjusted against the one lakh fifty thousand free local calls allowed on the three telephones for the next year.
Medical facilities Under the Central Government Health Scheme as extended to members, a member and his/her family are entitled to free medical treatment on a monthly contribution of Rs. 150. Dispensaries for providing treatment mainly to members exist in the North Avenue, South Avenue, Telegraph Lane, Pandara Road, Dr. Zakir Hussain Road, Constitution Club and First Aid Post in V.P. House. A First Aid Post in Parliament House and a Medical Centre in Parliament House Annexe are also functioning for rendering medical aid to members in cases of emergency or sudden illness.
Advance for the purchase of conveyance A member is entitled to an advance not exceeding rupees one lakh or the actual price of the conveyance intended to be purchased, whichever is less. However, no advance is dmissible when a conveyance has already been purchased and paid for in full.
Provided further that where such payment has been made in part, the amount of advance shall be limited to the balance to be paid as certified by the member. Advance granted together with interest thereon is recoverable from the salary bill of the member concerned in not more than sixty equal monthly installments, which shall not extend beyond the ensure of his membership.
Facilities to Members of pre-maturely dissolved Lok Sabha
If a Lok Sabha is dissolved pre-maturely, the members of the dissolved Lok Sabha are entitled to consume the unutilised telephone calls, electricity units and water units from the date of dissolution of the Lok Sabha to the constitution of subsequent Lok Sabha. Further, if a member is re-elected in subsequent Lok Sabha, he is entitled to adjust the excess telephone calls, electricity/water units consumed during the intervening period from the quota for the first year of the subsequent Lok Sabha.
FACILITIES TO EX-MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
Every person who has served as a member of the Provisional Parliament or either House of Parliament for any period is entitled to a pension of rupees three thousand per mensem. Provided further that where any person has served for a period exceeding five years, he shall be paid an additional pension of rupees six hundred per mensem for every year in excess of five years. For the purpose of calculation of years for determination of additional pension, the period of nine months or more shall be treated as one complete year.
Free Rail Travel Facility
Under Section 8AA of the MSA Act, an ex-member of Parliament is entitled to travel in any train in AC-II tier class alongwith a companion in AC-I class, if travels done, on the strength of ex-MP Identity Card issued to him by Lok Sabha Secretariat.
CGH Scheme is applicable to ex-members of Parliament residing in cities covered by CGH Scheme on payment of contribution at the same rate as they were paying as Members of Parliament. This facility is obtained by an ex- MP direct from Director-General (CGHS), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi.
Family Pension to Spouse
In case a member dies during his term of office, his spouse/dependent is entitled to a pension of rupees one thousand and five hundred per mensem for a period of five years from the date of death of such member.